WORLD WAR TWO : 1939 - 1945
1939 - 1941 :
SOVIET- NAZI FRIENDSHIP
- In 1939, the Soviet
Union rejected an offer from the Allies (Great Britain, France
and Poland) to form an alliance against Hitler's continuing aggression
in Europe. Instead, the Soviet Union signed a Friendship Treaty
with Germany which included a secret Soviet-Nazi collusion
to divide Poland and Eastern Europe between Germany and the Soviet
Union. This Russian back-up gave Hitler free hand to start
the Second World War.
- Accordingly, in
September 1939, in support of Hitler's invasion of Poland from
the west, triggering the war with England, France, Australia and
India, the Red Army attacked Poland from the east. Two
months later, the Russians also invaded Finland, Lithuania, Latvia,
Estonia and Bessarabia (Moldavia).
- 25,700 Polish officers
retreating eastwards with their troops from the German attack,
were taken prisoner by the Russians, and six months later they
were all individually executed in Russian prisons and buried in
German General Heinz Guderian meets Commander of the Soviet NKVD
(KGB) Brigade, Semyon Moiseyevich Krivoshein, in the Polish town
Brzesc (Brest) before the joint German and Red Army parade on 22 September
1939 to celebrate the occupation of Poland.
A Red Army commander of the Soviet tank is being welcomed by Nazi
officers in the Polish town Brest on the river Bug, where both
armies met. It became a border town on the new Soviet-German border
that divided occupied Poland.
These Russian officers may now be marching in the Anzac Day
Moiseyevich Krivoshein, the Commander of the Soviet NKVD Brigade,
stands together with German General Heinz Guderian in the Polish
town Brzesc (Brest) on a makeshift podium during the joint Nazi
and Red Army parade on 22 September 1939, to celebrate the invasion
- For the first
two years of the war the Russians supported the Nazis against
the Allies : militarily, politically and economically. While
Australian, British and Polish soldiers, airmen and sailors were
loosing their lives in the West, the Russians supplied Hitler
with food, oil, petrol, timber, and war materials, as well
as disseminated anti-western propaganda.
- This lasted until
June 1941, when ever-victorious Hitler decided not to share
Europe with Stalin, betrayed his partner in crime, and invaded
the Soviet Union itself, advancing with lightning speed right
up to Moscow and Stalingrad.
: THE SOVIETS BECOME AN ACCIDENTAL, UNRELIABLE AND UNCOOPERATIVE
- After German attack,
the Russians unexpectedly found themselves on the same side as
the Allies. But they did not join us to help our cause. Their
sole aim remained the survival of the communist dictatorship
and ideology, not the victory of freedom and democracy
in Europe and Russia.
- Those intentions
became clear already early in 1944 when the Russians, advancing
on the eastern war front, approached their pre-war border in Europe.
- When the Red Army
crossed into occupied Poland in 1944, the Polish Underground
Army cooperated with the Russians in the fight against Germans
and contributed greatly to the victories at Vilnius, Lvov and
Lublin only to find themselves surrounded and disarmed
by their Soviet "comrades in arms" and arrested.
All were accused of supporting the democratic Polish government
in-exile in London, labeled by Soviets as enemy "bourgeois
and capitalist" government, and were deported to labour camps
in Siberia. Their commanders were shot.